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2013 - úroveň B1

Section II – Lang uage in Use (20 points)

Táto časť testu sa skladá z dvoch textov. Jej vypracovaniu byste mali venovať približne 25 minút.

Part 1: Spotlight on Australia (10 points)

V nasledujúcom texte sú na miestach 21 – 30 vynechané slová. Za textom nájdete pre každé vynechané miesto štyri možnosti doplnenia. Rozhodnite, ktorá z ponúkaných možností (A) – (D) je správna. Vždy je správna iba jedna možnosť.
Príklad: ___00___ - (C)

Along the New South Wales coast of Australia there are thousands of beautiful beaches and seaside ___00___ . North of the historic fishing port of Eden is Perimbula – a popular tourist ___21___ and retirement town. Wollongong and the nearby port of Kembala are major regional population centres ___22___ on the steel industry.
In Sydney itself there are numerous beaches, ___23___ of them world famous. Bondi is best known for its cosmopolitan atmosphere, and Bronte Beach is worth a visit to see the surfers ___24___ the waves. Ferries from Circular Quay in Sydney frequently ___25___ passengers to Manly. Lifesavers check every beach, and ___26___ swimmers who find themselves having difficulties in deeper water. Surf lifesaving carnivals are colourful entertainment and ___27___ frequently at several beaches. There are sailing boats of all ___28___ and types around Sydney Harbour. Thousands of yachts and powerboats ___29___ up, indicating that many people use the waterways around Sydney for recreation and relaxation on weekends.
Inland, 170 kilometres along the New England Highway, is the country music capital of Australia – Tamworth. Music festivals bring great crowds to listen and dance ___30___ the music.


A) B) C) D)


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A) B) C) D)

Part 2: How Young Children Learn Languages (10 points)

V nasledujúcom texte sú na miestach 31 – 40 vynechané slová. Doplňte vždy iba jedno slovo.
Príklad: ___00___ - that

It is widely believed young children learn a second language easily than older children or adults. But recent research shown that teenagers are often the successful language learners. At the same time it shows that older adults can very successful too. Children often concentrate and learn best if they doing a variety of activities that activate all five their senses – touch, taste, smell, sight and hearing.

One good way of learning is in an environment the target language is used. Then you are able to, or even have to, use in daily life. However, many people learnt to speak and read English very well although they have been to an English-speaking country.

Koniec druhej časti testu

Section III – Reading (20 points)

Táto časť testu sa skladá z troch ukážok. Jej vypracovaniu by ste mali venovať približne 45 minút.

Part 1: Alison’s Story (7 points)

Prečítajte si nasledujúci text, ktorý opisuje ako sa Alison zoznámila so Stevom.
K úlohám 41 – 47 priraďte vhodnú vetu spomedzi možností (A) – (J). Tri vety sa nedajú priradiť k žiadnej z úloh. Vždy existuje iba jedno správne riešenie.

We discovered each other on a social networking site and we chatted for hours. ___41___ His two daughters, Kaylie, now 11, and Tiffany, now 10, lived with him and I could immediately tell that he was a kind and dedicated father.
I discovered that Steve and I had grown up just a few blocks apart in the same small town. ___42___ Now I needed to learn more about him. I was very glad when Steve asked me to meet him at a barbecue the following weekend. ___43___ I wasn’t surprised. I could already tell he’d never start dating someone unless she was liked by his daughters.
I entered, nervously. ___44___ Would they like me? It was like a first date, but with three times the pressure! I must say that I fell in love with Kaylie and Tiffany the minute I saw them. Their sweet faces were lightly spotted with freckles. ___45___ I knew that we were going to get along very well.
The girls were only five and four at the time. ___46___They treated me like their very own Barbie doll, tying ribbons in my hair. I didn’t mind a bit. The weeks passed and I joined Steve and the girls for bushwalks and games in the park. ___47___

A) They had the same smile as their dad.
B) The girls wanted their dad to play with them.
C) He told me that he was a single dad.
D) I’ll never forget the sound of his voice.
E) I was asking myself what the girls would think.
F) We were slowly growing together as a family.
G) He said that both his girls would be there too.
H) They loved having somebody they could play hairdressers with.
I) Somehow we’d never met.
J) The barbecue didn’t go well.

41) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
42) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
43) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
44) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
45) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
46) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
47) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)

Part 2: Vladimir Dzurilla – A Short Biography (6 points)

Prečítajte si nasledujúci text. Rozhodnite o každom z tvrdení 48 – 53, či je pravdivé (A) alebo nepravdivé (B). Uveďte vždy aj označenie toho odseku (a) – (e), na základe ktorého ste rozhodli o pravdivosti alebo nepravdivosti daného tvrdenia. Vždy existuje iba jedno správne riešenie.

(a) On the night of September 9, 1976, more than seventeen thousand spectators at the Montreal Forum and millions of North American TV viewers watched what many believe was one of the best hockey games ever played. The match was between the world champions, Czechoslovakia, and a very strong Canadian team. A 34-year old man from Bratislava named Vladimir Dzurilla, who normally repaired refrigerators, became the hero of the night. He stopped all 29 shots that night, helping his team to a 1–0 win.
(b) Dzurilla was unknown to North American hockey fans, but in Europe he was a highly regarded and well respected veteran goalkeeper. He had started to play for the Czechoslovakian national team 16 years earlier in 1960 (when he was 18) and had achieved a lot at international level. For example, in 1965 he was chosen as the best goalkeeper of the world championships and he was an All-Star in 1965 and 1969.
(c) Vladimir Dzurilla was born in 1942 in Bratislava, Slovakia. His mother tried to encourage him to do something with music but Vladimir preferred to go to soccer and hockey games with his father. When he was 13, Dzurilla visited the best local club, Slovan Bratislava, for a tryout as a hockey goalkeeper. They didn’t even give him a chance, so Dzurilla and a friend decided to go to a smaller club named Kovosmalt Petrzalka. There he was given a tryout and the coach, who was a former goalkeeper, immediately saw the natural talent in Dzurilla.
(d) Dzurilla played the 1956 – 57 season for the Kovosmalt team and soon Slovan Bratislava, the club that had sent him away, wanted him badly. Dzurilla went on to play for Slovan Bratislava between 1957 and 1973. He then played for Zetor Brno between 1973 and 1978. Dzurilla finished his playing career in Germany where he played for Augsburger EV (1978 – 79) and SC Riessersee (1979 – 82).
(e) After his playing career was over, he became a trainer in Czechoslovakia, Switzerland and Germany. His last hockey game came in the Swedish capital (the home of the royal family) in May 1995 when the local Old-timers played against the World Old-timer All-Stars. The ever-popular Dzurilla won the player of the game award. Unfortunately he suffered a fatal heart attack at his home in Düsseldorf, Germany on July 25, 1995, only a few days before his 53rd birthday.

48) Before the match in 1976, Dzurilla was already famous all over the world.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

49) Dzurilla’s last match took place in the Kingdom of Sweden.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

50) Dzurilla played the longest for the club which at first did not want him.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

51) Dzurilla’s original job was not as a professional ice hockey player.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

52) Dzurilla’s mother supported his interest in hockey from the start.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

53) Dzurilla first represented Czechoslovakia at the age of sixteen.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

Part 3: The History of the Tin Can (7 points)

Prečítajte si nasledujúci text. Za textom nasledujú vety, v ktorých chýbajú slová 54 – 60. Vety nie sú v tom poradí, v akom sú usporiadané informácie v texte. Doplňte ich. Doplňte jedno alebo dve slová. Tieto slová sa nachádzajú v texte.

When we want to answer the question how long the tin can has been around us, we need to go way back to the 19th century to answer the question. In 1810, British businessman Peter Durand was granted a patent for the tin can. There is an interesting story behind this, involving Britain and France competing to find the best method.
The French government offered a 12,000 francs reward for anybody who could find a revolutionary means of keeping food fresh. An unknown man from Paris named Nicholas Appert spent 15 years researching before he finally developed a special glass container as the solution. His invention was put to the test and was successful. The French were impressed, and Napoleon himself presented Appert with the reward.
Of course, the British heard about it. They did not want to simply copy the success of the French. They wanted to do better. So they turned to tin instead of glass. Tin does not break as easily as glass and air can be pumped out easily. Thus was born the tin can.
He was given the patent for the tin can, but Durand himself did not go into mass production. The first tin can production was begun by two other Englishmen named Bryan Donkin and John Hall. Donkin and Hall studied Durand’s tin can patent and started a canning factory. By 1813, they were supplying food in tin cans to the British army.
The first tin cans were so thick that people needed a hammer to open them. As cans became thinner, it became possible to invent useful can openers. In 1858, Ezra Warner patented the first can opener. The U.S. military used it during the Civil War. In 1866, J. Osterhoudt patented the tin can with a key opener that you can find on sardine cans. The inventor of the familiar household can opener was William Lyman. William Lyman patented a very easy-to-use can opener in 1870 with a wheel that rolls and cuts around the top of a can.

54) In the second half of the 19th century three tin can openers were patented. (1 word)

55) Durand did not start of tin cans. (2 words)

56) Because the first tin cans were very , people used a hammer to open them. (1 word)

57) Appert was given his reward by . (1 word)

58) The British replaced . (1 word)

59) Two nationalities, the and the competed to find the best way of keeping food fresh. (2 words)

60) It took Appert to come to a successful solution. (2 words)