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MATURITA Z ANGLIČTINY
2011 - úroveň B1

Section I - LISTENING (20 points)

Táto časť testu sa skladá z troch nahrávok. Každú z nich budete počuť dvakrát. Počas počúvania odpovedajte na otázky prislúchajúce k jednotlivým nahrávkam.




Part 1: An Interview with Rod Stewart (7 points)

Vypočujte si rozhovor s legendárnym spevákom Rodom Stewartom. Na základe vypočutého vyberte správnu odpoveď. Vždy je správna iba jedna z ponúkaných možností.
Teraz máte dve minúty na prečítanie úloh 01 - 07.

1) One of Rod’s hobbies is ________ .

A)
B)
C)
D)

2) Rod has become a better parent because ________ .

A)
B)
C)
D)

3) Rod has ________ taken care of his children’s education.

A)
B)
C)
D)

4) Rod tries to teach his son values such as politeness and ________ .

A)
B)
C)
D)

5) Rod and Penny’s relationship is different from previous ones because ________ .

A)
B)
C)
D)

6) Rod and Penny are keen on watching films ________ .

A)
B)
C)
D)

7) Rod and Penny enjoy Italy because ________ .

A)
B)
C)
D)


Part 2: Our Life with Animals (6 points)

Vypočujte si skutočný príbeh rodiny Clunesovcov o ich živote so zvieratami.
Na základe vypočutého rozhodnite o každom z tvrdení 08 - 13, či je pravdivé (A), nepravdivé (B) alebo z nahrávky nevyplýva (C).
Teraz máte dve minúty na prečítanie úloh 08 – 13.

8) The Clunes family decided to change their lifestyle after their daughter was born.

A)
B)
C)

9) The Labrador dog came to the family as the last pet.

A)
B)
C)

10) One of the pets died when Martin was doing his job abroad.

A)
B)
C)

11) Being with animals has frequently replaced watching TV.

A)
B)
C)

12) Martin has fallen off the horse, Chester, at least twenty times.

A)
B)
C)

13) Martin even considers sheep to be their pets.

A)
B)
C)


Part 3: Six Ways to Improve Your Health (7 points)

Vypočujte si rozhlasovú reláciu, v ktorej odborníci radia, ako zlepšiť zdravie. Dozviete sa 6 praktických rád. Tieto sú zhrnuté vo vetách označených 14-20, avšak nie v poradí, v akom ste ich počuli v nahrávke. Na základe vypočutého zoraďte vety do správneho poradia tak, že zapíšete do odpoveďového hárka ku každej z nich príslušné poradové číslo od 1 do 6. Pozor, jedna veta je navyše a obsahuje informáciu, ktorú ste v nahrávke nepočuli. K tejto vete napíšte do odpoveďového hárka označenie X.
Teraz máte dve minúty na prečítanie úloh.

14) Find new ways of doing old things.

Answer:

15) Improve your performance with vitamins.

Answer:

16) Don’t do everything sitting down.

Answer:

17) Speed up your movement.

Answer:

18) Spices can improve nutrition.

Answer:

19) Use this after sweet meals.

Answer:

20) Calm down with a nice melody.

Answer:

Koniec prvej časti testu




Section II – Lang uage in Use (20 points)

Táto časť testu sa skladá z dvoch textov. Jej vypracovaniu byste mali venovať približne 25 minút.




Part 1: Thanksgiving Day (10 points)

V nasledujúcom texte sú na miestach 21 – 30 vynechané slová. Za textom nájdete pre každé vynechané miesto štyri možnosti doplnenia. Rozhodnite, ktorá z ponúkaných možností (A) – (D) je správna. Vždy je správna iba jedna možnosť.
Príklad: ___00___ - (C)


Almost every culture in the world ___00___ held celebrations of thanks for a harvest. The American Thanksgiving holiday began as a feast of thanksgiving in the early days of the American colonies almost four hundred years ___21___ .
In 1620, a boat filled with more than one hundred people who sailed ___22___ the Atlantic Ocean to settle in the New World. This religious group had begun to question the beliefs of the Church of England and they wanted to ___23___ from it. The Pilgrims settled in ___24___ is now the state of Massachusetts. Their first winter in the New World was difficult. They had arrived ___25___ late to grow many crops, and without fresh food, half the colony died from disease. The following spring, the Iroquois Indians ___26___ them how to grow corn (maize), a new food for the colonists, and other crops in the unfamiliar ___27___ and how to hunt and fish.
In the autumn of 1621, bountiful crops of corn, barley, beans and pumpkins were harvested. The colonists had much to be thankful for, so a feast ___28___ . They invited the local Indian chief and ninety Indians. The Indians brought deerto roast with the turkeys and other wild game ___29___ by the colonists. The colonists already knew how to cook cranberries and different kinds of corn and dishes from the Indians. To the first Thanksgiving, those Indians who ___30___ even brought popcorn.

00)

A) B) C) D)

21)

A) B) C) D)

22)

A) B) C) D)

23)

A) B) C) D)

24)

A) B) C) D)

25)

A) B) C) D)

26)

A) B) C) D)

27)

A) B) C) D)

28)

A) B) C) D)

29)

A) B) C) D)

30)

A) B) C) D)


Part 2: Dolphins Save Surfer from Shark (10 points)

V nasledujúcom texte sú na miestach 31 – 40 vynechané slová. Doplňte vždy iba jedno slovo. Príklad: ___00___ - out


Surfer Todd Endris needed a miracle. The shark - a monster great white that came of nowhere - had hit him three times, peeling the skin off his back. That’s when bottlenose dolphins intervened, forming a protective ring around Endris, allowing him get to shore, where quick first aid provided a friend saved his life.
‘Truly a miracle,’ Endris told TODAY’s Natalie Morales on Thursday.
The attack occurred Tuesday, Aug. 28, just before 11 a.m., at Marina Monterey, Calif., where the 24-year-old owner of Monterey Aquarium Services had gone with friends for a day of the sport which love. Nearly four months later, Endris, who is still undergoing physical therapy to repair muscle damage suffered during the attack, is back in the water and on his board in same spot where he almost lost his life.
‘It came out of nowhere. There was no warning all. Maybe I saw it a quarter second before it hit . But no warning. It was just a giant shark,’ Endris said. ‘It just shows you perfect predators they really are.’
The shark, estimated at 12 to 15 feet long, hit him first as Endris sitting on his surfboard, but couldn’t get its monsterjaws around the surfer and the surfboard. ‘I was very lucky,’ Endris said.

Koniec druhej časti testu




Section III – Reading (20 points)

Táto časť testu sa skladá z troch ukážok. Jej vypracovaniu by ste mali venovať približne 45 minút.




Part 1: Fears and Phobias (7 points)

Prečítajte si nasledujúci text. K úlohám 41 – 47 priraďte vhodnú vetu spomedzi možností (A) – (J). Tri vety sa nedajú priradiť k žiadnej z úloh. Vždy existuje iba jedno správne riešenie.


Fear is an important protective instinct. When there is a sign of danger, certain chemicals are released into the blood. These produce physical effects that can help us to overcome danger. For example, blood is directed to the muscles to make them stronger and sweating increases to cool down the muscles. ___41___ This is why we go ‘white with fear’ and feel sweaty and cold at the same time.
All these symptoms are natural and healthy when we are faced with danger. For many people they can even be exciting and pleasurable so long as they can be controlled. ___42___ But some people experience fears for reasons that are not clear. This is very common in childhood. For example, Tom from Realing writes, ‘I am nine years old and I have a terrible fear of fire. ___43___
Allan from Seanea is scared of being alone in a dark room: ‘When I go to bed, I close my curtains and open my door wide. ___44___ Many of these childhood fears, such as fear of the dark or of storms, disappear as the child grows older. For some, however, the fear turns into a phobia.
Phobias are fears which can be so strong that they can send your mind into panic and paralyse your body, although there is no reason for them. The most common phobias are a fear of heights, closed spaces, spiders or flying. ___45___ They can include the fear of running water or even fear ofgoing to the hairdresser’s.
Most phobias can be overcome. ___46___ It is also useful to learn to be more rational about what you fear. There are many people who have phobias but live normal lives by facing what they fear and learning to overcome it. ___47___ .

A) I also have all the lights on outside my room.
B) They’re still scared offalling from high places.
C) I keep having nightmares about it.
D) Some people hate horror stories and films.
E) Also, faster breathing provides more oxygen.
F) However you do it, the important thing is to control the fear before it controls you.
G) One way of doing this is by discussing them.
H) That is why we can enjoy fun-fair rides or horror films.
I) On the other hand, people don’t like to say they have phobias.
J) But there are endless uncommon phobias too.




41) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
42) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
43) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
44) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
45) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
46) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
47) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)


Part 2: Set Up Guides for a Webex Conference Call (6 points)

Prečítajte si nasledujúci text. Rozhodnite o každom z tvrdení 48 – 53, či je pravdivé (A) alebo nepravdivé (B). Uveďte vždy aj označenie toho odseku (a) – (e), na základe ktorého ste rozhodli o pravdivosti alebo nepravdivosti daného tvrdenia. Vždy existuje iba jedno správne riešenie.


(a) Webex is commonly known as a meeting program which allows its users to deliver presentations online by using audio-conferencing tools. This program allows the users to schedule the meetings easily as well as invite those attending through an email by using Microsoft Outlook.
(b) Furthermore, this kind of program is able to provide some options to make the meetings run efficiently with a private environment and complete security. Yet some users still have no idea how to set up this program at first. There are several steps you have to take to install this program appropriately.
(c) The first thing to do is to keep the date of the Webex conference call on a public Webex calendar, which is available in Microsoft Outlook. You can open Outlook from your computer by doubleclicking on ‘Folders’. Then, choose the Webex folder. Enter the password you want to use. The next step is to select the time and the date for the conference call.
(d) The second thing is to set up the Webex meeting in Outlook. Navigate the cursor onto the button of ‘Schedule meeting’. Then it will show a page on which you can fill in the meeting details. You can add the name of the meeting in the Microsoft appointment field. Enter the password of the meeting. To reserve the conference call, you have to set up another password. In addition, you have to include a password for each of the callers who need to join the conference.
(e) Then, select the field of ‘Invite Attendance’. Enter the addresses of the participants manually from the Global Address book. After that, you can send the invitation for the conference call directly simply by clicking the ‘Send’ button. However, make sure that you have entered all the details. Fortoday‘s needs, an audio conference call is very efficient. By following the procedures above, you can now make your conference call easily.

48) An organiser needs only one password to set up a conference.

A)
B)
Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

49) There are no dangers when using this program.

A)
B)
Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

50) The addresses of the participants can be entered from Outlook.

A)
B)
Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

51) The time and the date should be selected first.

A)
B)
Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

52) Presentations can be delivered online by using Webex.

A)
B)
Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

53) The date of the call can be kept on a Webex calendar.

A)
B)
Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

Part 3: JulesVerne (1828-1905) (7 points)

Prečítajte si nasledujúci text. Za textom nasledujú vety, v ktorých chýbajú slová 54 – 60. Doplňte ich. Doplňte jedno alebo dve slová.


Often ignored by English critics, Jules Verne was a productive writer whose work combined a lively imagination with a gift for popularizing science and travel. He remains among the classic writers of nineteenth-century French literature.
Born in Nantes, Jules was the eldest of five children. His father Pierre, a successful lawyer, was known to write occasional verse but encouraged his son to follow the family profession, which Verne did. After he had finished the Lycée in Nantes in 1847, Jules went to Paris to study law.
For the next ten years he devoted himself to his real interest, writing, living an artist’s existence in several dark, uncomfortable places. During this time he received moderate success with his plays, and it is thought that about seven of his works were put on stage or were published.
In 1857 - after he married Honorine de Viane, a widow with two daughters - Verne became a stockbroker and for a time his interests kept changing between the stock exchange and the theatre. It was not until the success of some of his traveller’s tales which he wrote for Museé des familles that his true talent for imaginative travel stories was seen. The success of Five Weeks in a Balloon (1862) led to a partnership between Verne and the publisher Hetzel that lasted for forty years and was intended, in Hetzel’s own words, ‘to sum up all the geographical, geological, physical and astronomical knowledge gained by modern science, and to rewrite the history ofthe world’.
Between the publication of Journey to the Centre ofthe Earth (1864) and his death Verne wrote sixty-three novels. Verne himself travelled widely in Europe, North Africa and America and was a keen yachtsman. He divided his time between Paris, Amiens and his yacht, but for reasons which remain a mystery, he suddenly sold his yacht in 1886 and nevertravelled again.
Later, he was shot by his mentally unstable nephew, leaving him disabled. Jules Verne died in Amiens in 1905. After his death several works bearing his name appeared, but it has since been discovered that Verne’s son Michel wrote most ofthem.

54) Jules Verne had ________ siblings. (1 word)


55) There was a time when he did not know whether to concentrate on the ________ or stock exchange.(1 word)


56) Why Verne sold his yacht is a ________ (1 word)


57) Verne, as a writer, was not respected by ________ ________. (2 words)


58) Some of Verne’s works published after his death were probably written or rewritten by ________ ________ . (2 words)


59) Jules Verne’s father was an occasional writer of ________ . (1 word)


60) Before Verne’s ________ , some of his plays were performed or published. (1 word)




TIMMER TIMMER