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2012 - úroveň B1

Section II – Lang uage in Use (20 points)

Táto časť testu sa skladá z dvoch textov. Jej vypracovaniu byste mali venovať približne 25 minút.

Part 1: Canadian English (10 points)

V nasledujúcom texte sú na miestach 21 – 30 vynechané slová. Za textom nájdete pre každé vynechané miesto štyri možnosti doplnenia. Rozhodnite, ktorá z ponúkaných možností (A) – (D) je správna. Vždy je správna iba jedna možnosť.
Príklad: ___00___ - (C)

It isn’t always easy these days to distinguish ___00___ people from different English-speaking countries. ‘What part of the States do you come from?’ ‘I’m not American. I’m Canadian.’ This is a mistake that Europeans often ___21___ . Many Americans admit that it takes them a while to ___22___ if it’s an American talking or a Canadian. This ___23___ some Canadians, because they want people to ___24___ them as Canadians. They want everyone to know that Canada is an independent nation with its own special ___25___ .
From the very first, Canada was a country with two languages, ___26___ of which influenced the other very much, because the French and British spoke to each other ___27___ little. Canadian English has ___28___ very like American English, and the influence of the Indian and Inuit languages was no greater than the influence of French. There are some important words that ___29___ their way from Canadian dictionaries into British ones, but sometimes Canadian English and American English ___30___ together as North American English.


A) B) C) D)


A) B) C) D)


A) B) C) D)


A) B) C) D)


A) B) C) D)


A) B) C) D)


A) B) C) D)


A) B) C) D)


A) B) C) D)


A) B) C) D)


A) B) C) D)

Part 2: Britain’s Best Beaches (10 points)

V nasledujúcom texte sú na miestach 31 – 40 vynechané slová. Doplňte vždy iba jedno slovo. Príklad: ___00___ - the

Cornwall is still the most popular place to stay in UK. From romantic places fabulous family hotels and campsites, Cornwall really does have it all.
For a British coastline that could mistaken for the Mediterranean, and sandy beaches that people dream about, a visit Cornwall is a must. Whether it’s a romantic getaway or a family holiday, Cornwall has something everyone with a wealth of hotels, caravans and camping sites several minutes the sea. With one of the very best sandy beaches on its doorstep, Trevornick Holiday Park, the five-star camping facility, has the ingredients for a great family experience. Dogs welcome too.
But while it become a celebrity paradise, even the most popular areas have hidden secrets – amazing seafood restaurants and quiet coastal walks, for example – these are some of attractions for visitors. You will wonder it’s worth going abroad.

Koniec druhej časti testu

Section III – Reading (20 points)

Táto časť testu sa skladá z troch ukážok. Jej vypracovaniu by ste mali venovať približne 45 minút.

Part 1: J. K. Rowling – a Biography (7 points)

Prečítajte si nasledujúci text, v ktorom je uvedených niekoľko faktov zo života J. K. Rowlingovej.
K úlohám 41 – 47 priraďte vhodnú vetu spomedzi možností (A) – (J). Tri vety sa nedajú priradiť k žiadnej z úloh. Vždy existuje iba jedno správne riešenie.

J. K. Rowling was born in Chipping Sodbury in 1965. She spent part of her childhood in Gloucestershire and then in South Wales. At school she did well in English, arts and poetry. ___41___ At the strong encouragement of her parents she took a degree in English at the University of Essex.
The inspiration for writing Harry Potter came on a delayed train journey from London to Manchester. It was on this train journey that she became inspired with magicians, Hogwarts, Harry Potter and magic trains. J. K. Rowling tells how on the journey she didn’t have a pen. ___42___ However, on arriving in Manchester she began immediately writing the first draft of Harry Potter. These early writings were rewritten several times over the course of the next few years. ___43___
A significant feature in the main character of Harry Potter is the fact that at an early age he gets orphaned. ___44___ This fact becomes an important theme throughout the Harry Potter series. What is more, shortly after beginning the writing of Harry Potter, J. K. Rowling lost her own mother. This was a heavy blow to J. K. Rowling and gave her additional empathy with her main character, Harry Potter.
It took several years for J. K. Rowling to finish the first book in the series “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone”. ___45___ There she was married for a short time before divorcing and returning to the UK. Through this first marriage J. K. Rowling had her first child, who she had to bring up by herself.
However, despite having a full-time teaching job and being a single mother, J. K. Rowling eventually finished her first book and sent it off to book agents. After several refusals by big companies, the book was taken on by Bloomsbury. ___46___
The book was released and immediately became a big bestseller. ___47___ In fact, the first book was later brought out with a special adults’ cover so readers would not be embarrassed with reading a “children’s book”. As the Harry Potter series progressed, the books became very popular worldwide. J. K. Rowling has received numerous awards for her Harry Potter series.

A) However, the characters and basic plot already existed.
B) After she came back from Portugal, she bought a house near London.
C) She first wanted to give up publishing the book.
D) He misses his mother and father a lot.
E) It sold well not just amongst children but adults as well.
F) She was too shy to ask another passenger if she could borrow one.
G) At the time they were quite small in the publishing world.
H) During this time she spent a couple of years in Portugal.
I) On the other hand, she did not excel in sports.
J) J.K.Rowling did not agree with the price of the first book.

41) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
42) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
43) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
44) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
45) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
46) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)
47) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J)

Part 2: An Amazing Adventure (6 points)

Prečítajte si nasledujúci text. Rozhodnite o každom z tvrdení 48 – 53, či je pravdivé (A) alebo nepravdivé (B). Uveďte vždy aj označenie toho odseku (a) – (e), na základe ktorého ste rozhodli o pravdivosti alebo nepravdivosti daného tvrdenia. Vždy existuje iba jedno správne riešenie.

(a) The Wieliczka Salt Mine is a place well-known to the whole world. Every year more than one million tourists come to Poland to see one of its most beautiful and legendary treasures. Many famous people such as Goethe, Nicolaus Copernicus and Bill Clinton were totally impressed when seeing the mine. The charm and almost magical atmosphere in Wieliczka can give you chills when experiencing it – 135 metres underground.
(b) Wieliczka is the only salt mine in the world preserved in such good condition. The deposit of rock salt in Wieliczka has been mined since the 13th century. It has nine levels and the lowest one goes down to a depth of 327 metres although the tourist’s tour starts at 65 metres and goes only to 135 metres. Since 1978 Wieliczka Salt Mine has been on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. The numerous pieces of art such as altars and statues sculpted in salt needed expensive protection against the humidity and thanks to the help of UNESCO, such equipment was installed in the mine.
(c) There are many reasons why Wieliczka is such a unique place. It shows a great history of mining due to the conservation of the old galleries and the underground exhibition of tools used. It takes over two kilometres of walking to see all the mine’s attractions. It passes through 20 caves, many of them decorated with sculptures the miners made. Amazingly it is very clean. The walls are sparkling when you hold a light to them. The most impressive place is the Underground Cathedral – the wall decorations such as The Last Supper, the altar, statues, and even the floor and ceiling are all made of salt. The creators were three miners who spent their spare time this way. It took 68 years of work.
(d) A very interesting legend that illustrates the source of salt in Wieliczka is connected with this place. It’s about the Hungarian princess Kinga who was about to marry the Polish king Boleslaw. Kinga wanted to give a special present to her fiancé and her new nation. Before the marriage she was given one of the salt mines in Hungary as part of her parents’ gift. She dreamt that salt would be discovered in Poland. So she threw her engagement ring into the mine and prayed for that. When she arrived in Poland for her marriage, miners miraculously found a block of salt and Kinga’s ring in a place shown by the princess.
(e) If you are interested in experiencing something amazing, seeing the history of mining, feeling the atmosphere of one of the oldest salt mines in the world, breathing the healthy air, or sending a postcard to a friend from 135 metres underground, just book one of the cheap flights to Poland and take the Wieliczka Salt Mine tour. It might also be a great occasion to see the historical town of Krakow.

48) The Underground Cathedral was created by miners who did it after their regular work.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

49) Tourists can even send a greeting from the mine.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

50) After Boleslaw married the Hungarian princess, a block of salt was found in Poland.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

51) Before tourists enter the mine, they can see a display of miners’ equipment.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

52) Tourists in the Wieliczka Salt Mine can reach its lowest point.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

53) The number of tourists visiting the mine every year is almost one million.

Which of the paragraphs supports your answer?

Part 3: Early Life of Walt Disney (7 points)

Prečítajte si nasledujúci text. Za textom nasledujú vety, v ktorých chýbajú slová 54 – 60. Doplňte ich. Doplňte jedno alebo dve slová.

Born in Chicago, in 1901, Walter Elias Disney was the fourth son of Elias Disney, a carpenter and farmer and his wife, Flora Call, who had been a public school teacher.
However, his father soon left farming and moved the family to Kansas City, where he bought a morning newspaper business and forced his young sons to assist him in delivering papers. Walt later said that many of the habits of his adult life came from the disciplines and discomforts of helping his father with the paper round. In Kansas City the young Walt began to study cartooning at a local school.
In 1917 the Disneys moved back to Chicago, and Walt entered McKinley High School, where he took photographs, made drawings for the school paper and studied cartooning on the side, for he was hopeful of achieving a job as a newspaper cartoonist. His progress was interrupted by World War I, in which he took part as an ambulance driver for the American Red Cross.
Returning to Kansas City in 1919, he found occasional employment in art studios, where he met Ub Iwerks, a young artist whose talents contributed greatly to Walt’s early success.
Dissatisfied with their progress, Disney and Iwerks started a small studio of their own in 1922 and acquired a second-hand movie camera with which they made one- and two-minute animated advertising films for distribution to local movie theatres. They also did a series of animated cartoon sketches called Laugh-O-Grams and the pilot film for a series of seven-minute cartoons that combined both live action and animation, Alice in Cartoonland. A New York film distributor tricked the young producers, and Disney was made bankrupt in 1923. He moved to California to start his chosen career as a cinematographer.
With Roy – Walt’s brother – as business manager, Disney re-started the Alice series, persuading Iwerks to join him and assist with the drawing of the cartoons. They invented a character called Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, contracted for distribution of the films at $1,500 each, and launched their small enterprise. In 1927, just before the change to sound in motion pictures, Disney and Iwerks experimented with a new character – a cheerful and energetic mouse called Mickey. They had planned two shorts, called Plane Crazy and Gallopin’ Gaucho, that were to introduce Mickey Mouse when The Jazz Singer, a motion picture with the popular singer Al Jolson, brought the new idea of sound to the movies. Fully recognizing the possibilities for sound in animated cartoon films, Disney quickly produced a third Mickey Mouse cartoon with voices and music, entitled Steamboat Willie, and ignored the other two soundless cartoon films. When it appeared in 1928, Steamboat Willie was a sensation.

54) Music and voices were added to the ________ Mickey Mouse cartoon. (1 word)

55) After bankruptcy Disney wanted to be a cinematographer in ________ . (1 word)

56) In World War I Walt drove a/an ________ . (1 word)

57) Walt was not very happy when he was helping ________ ________ to deliver newspapers. (2 words)

58) Walt’s mother was once employed in a/an ________ ________ . (2 words)

59) After World War I, Disney occasionally worked in ________ ________ . (2 words)

60) Disney once went bankrupt because of the tricks of a/an ________ ________ . (2 words)